The Book of Obadiah is a short book of the Bible, only one chapter long. It is believed to have been written by the Prophet Obadiah, though some scholars believe it was written later. The book tells the story of the destruction of Edom, a nation that was related to Israel.
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The Book of Obadiah: An Overview
Obadiah is the shortest book in the Old Testament, consisting of only 21 verses. It is also one of the most difficult books to interpret, due largely to its brevity and the fact that it contains many difficult prophetic references.
The book is believed to have been written sometime around the mid-6th century BC, making it one of the latest books in the Old Testament canon. It is generally agreed that Obadiah was a contemporary of Jeremiah, and there is some evidence that he may have been a disciple of the prophet.
The book’s title comes from its author, Obadiah, whose name means “servant of Yahweh.” very little is known about him other than what is revealed in his short book.
The book of Obadiah is divided into two sections: judgement on Edom (Obadiah 1-9) and salvation for Israel (Obadiah 10-21). The judgement against Edom is based on their past actions towards Israel, particularly their unwillingness to help when Judah was under siege from Babylon (Obadiah 11-14). Salvation for Israel, on the other hand, is based on God’s covenant with Abraham and His promise to restore His people (Obadiah 15-21).
In terms of overall theme, the book of Obadiah can be seen as a warning to all nations who refuse to help God’s people in their time of need. It also serves as a reminder that ultimately it is God who will judge His enemies and vindicate His people.
The Historical Context of the Book of Obadiah
Obadiah is one of the shortest books in the Bible, but it is also one of the most important. This book gives us a unique glimpse into the historical context of the time in which it was written.
The book is named after its author, Obadiah, who was a prophet who lived in the southern kingdom of Judah. At this time, the northern kingdom of Israel had already been conquered by the Assyrians and most of its people had been deported. The southern kingdom of Judah was next on Assyria’s list.
Obadiah was written to warn the people of Judah that they would also be conquered if they did not repent of their sins and turn back to God. He also prophesied that one day the people of Judah would be restored to their land and that the people of Israel would be brought back from captivity.
This book is significant because it is one of the earliest examples of prophecy being used to comfort and encourage God’s people in times of trouble. It is a reminder that no matter how dark our circumstances may seem, God is always in control and He will ultimately triumph over all evil.
Themes and Key Concepts in the Book of Obadiah
Obadiah is a relatively short book, only 21 verses long, but it contains a number of themes and key concepts that are important for understanding the message of the book. In this guide, we will overview some of the main themes and key concepts in Obadiah.
One of the key themes in Obadiah is the importance of obedience to God. The book opens with a declaration that obedience to God is more important than anything else (v. 3). This theme is repeated throughout the book, and it culminates in the promise that those who obey God will be blessed, while those who disobey him will be punished (vv. 20-21).
Another important theme in Obadiah is the need for repentance. This theme is introduced in verse 4, where Obadiah warns that God will judge those who do not repent of their sins. It is repeated several times throughout the book (vv. 11, 13, 15, 17), culminating in a call for all people to repent and turn to God (v. 20).
A third major theme in Obadiah is the importance of justice. This theme appears throughout the book, but it is most clearly stated in verse 10, where Obadiah declares that God hates injustice and will judge those who perpetrate it. This theme is closely related to the previous two themes, since disobedience and injustice are both forms of rebellion against God’s authority.
These are just a few of the major themes and key concepts in Obadiah. As you read through this book, keep an eye out for these themes and try to see how they fit together to provide a unified message about God’s character and his dealings with humanity.
The Structure of the Book of Obadiah
Obadiah is a short book, only one chapter long. In spite of its length, it is a significant book because it is the last book in the Old Testament to be written. It is also significant because Obadiah is the only prophet in the Old Testament who prophesied exclusively against Edom.
The structure of Obadiah can be outlined as follows:
-A psalm of David concerning Edom (Obadiah 1:1-16)
-The day of the Lord (Obadiah 1:17-21)
-The kingdom of God (Obadiah 1:21-22)
Interpreting the Book of Obadiah
The Book of Obadiah is a short book, only one chapter with 21 verses. It is found in the Old Testament, between the books of Amos and Jonah. Obadiah means “servant of Yahweh,” and very little is known about him. He was probably a contemporary of the prophet Elijah, who also appears in this book.
The Book of Obadiah is unique in that it is the only prophetic book in the Bible that is entirely devoted to the judgment of one nation, Edom. Edom was a nation south and east of Judah, made up of the descendants of Esau (Genesis 36:1). From an early time, there was bad blood between Judah and Edom (Genesis 27:41).
Obadiah pronounces judgment on Edom because “In the days of thy pride… thou hast helped destroy them that lifted up their heel against thine own brother” (Obadiah 1:12). In other words, Edom had sided with Babylon when they attacked Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple (2 Kings 25:8-21). Now Babylon was going to be destroyed in turn by the Medes and Persians (Daniel 5:30-31), and Edom would be destroyed along with it.
This prophecy was fulfilled when the Edomites were conquered by the Babylonians under Nebuchadnezzar (2 Kings 24:2; Jeremiah 49:7-22; Lamentations 4:21-22). The Book of Obadiah ends on a note of hope, however. “And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge… And the kingdom shall be Yahweh’s” (Obadiah 1:21). This prophecy was partly fulfilled when Judas Maccabeus led a revolt against the Seleucid Syrians and recaptured Jerusalem in 165 B.C., but it will not find its ultimate fulfillment until Christ returns and sets up His kingdom on earth (Isaiah 2:2-4; Daniel 2:44-45; 7:13-14; Micah 4:1-3; Zechariah 14:9).
The Significance of the Book of Obadiah
The book of Obadiah is significant for a number of reasons. First, it is one of only two books in the Bible that are named after a minor prophet. Second, it is the shortest book in the Bible, coming in at only 21 verses. Third, it is one of the few books in the Bible that specifically mentions Edom, a nation that was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BC.
Fourth, the book of Obadiah is significant because it contains a number of prophecies that were fulfilled during or shortly after the time of its writing. For instance, Obadiah 1:21 predicts that Edom will be “cut off” and “made like a dry land.” This prophecy was fulfilled when the Babylonians destroyed Edom in 586 BC.
Fifth, the book of Obadiah is significant because it teaches us about God’s justice. In particular, Obadiah 1:15 teaches that God will not let the wicked get away with their crimes. This is an important lesson for us today, as we live in a world where it often seems like the wicked prosper while the righteous suffer.
Lastly, the book of Obadiah is significant because it contains a number of principles that we can apply to our own lives today. For instance, Obadiah 4-5 teach us to be humble and to not think too highly of ourselves. These are principles that we can all benefit from regardless of our circumstances.
Resources for Further Study of the Book of Obadiah
If you are looking for resources to help you further study the Book of Obadiah, here are some suggestions.
-The Book of Obadiah: A Commentary by James M. Freeman (Author), Paul D. Wegner (Author), Tremper Longman III (Series Editor)
-An Introduction to the Old Testament Prophetic Books by Walter C. Kaiser Jr.
-The Minor Prophets: An Exegetical and Expositional Commentary by James E. Smith
FAQs about the Book of Obadiah
The Book of Obadiah is a book of the Hebrew Bible. Although its canonical status is somewhat ambiguous, it is classified as a prophetic book in most modern Bibles. It is dedicated to a single subject, the destruction of Edom.
Edom was a nation that occupied the southern-most region of present-day Jordan. The Edomites were descendants of Esau, who was the twin brother of Jacob. In spite of their shared ancestry, the Edomites and Israelites were bitter enemies.
At the time Obadiah was written, the Edomites had already been conquered by the Babylonians and deported to Babylon. However, Obadiah prophesied that even though they had been dispersed, they would one day be regathered and restored to their homeland.
Obadiah also predicted that Edom would be destroyed by fire on the day of judgment. This prophecy was fulfilled when the Roman Empire destroyed Jerusalem in 70 CE.
10 Things You Should Know about the Book of Obadiah
1. The book of Obadiah is one of the shortest books in the Bible, consisting of only 21 verses.
2. It is believed to have been written around 848-840 B.C.
3. The author is unknown, but it is possible that he was a prophet from the southern kingdom of Judah.
4. The book is addressed to the nation of Edom, which was located south of Judah in the region known as Idumea.
5. The primary message of Obadiah is that God will judge Edom for their arrogance and lack of concern for their brother nation, Judah.
6. Edom had refused to help Judah when they were invaded by their enemies, and instead had taken advantage of the situation by looting and plundering them.
7. God’s judgement against Edom would be complete and final, resulting in their destruction as a nation.
8. Despite its short length, the book of Obadiah contains some important themes that are relevant to Christians today, such as pride, justice, and mercy.
9. The name “Obadiah” means “servant of the LORD” or “worshiper of the LORD.”
10. This book can be divided into two main sections: judgment against Edom (vv 1-16), and salvation for Israel (vv 17-21).
What Is The Book Of Obadiah All About? (Conclusion)
The book of Obadiah is a very straightforward and direct book. It is only one chapter long, and in that chapter, God tells Obadiah what will happen to the nation of Edom. Essentially, God is going to judge Edom for their pride, for their mistreatment of Israel, and for their general sinfulness. The book of Obadiah is unique in that it is the only book in the Old Testament that is specifically about the nation of Edom.